abnormal psych





This Assignment consist In two parts:


Positive Psychology is a modern form of treatment that is the study and enhancement of positive feelings such as optimism and happiness. It also focuses on positive traits such as hard work, wisdom, social skills and experiences, talents, generosity and tolerance. It suggests that clinicians can help people by promoting positive development and psychological wellness. One way to practice positive psychology techniques is to practice gratitude daily. (Links to an external site.) Please click on the link “practice gratitude daily” in bold and read the article. Then, answer the questions below.

1. How can I practice gratitude daily?

2. How can practicing gratitude help a client with psychological problems such as depression?

Please write a minimum of one paragraph per question.


READ THE LECTURE FIRST and them answer the questions


A diagnosis can be made when the client endorses a pattern of the majority of symptoms within a psychological disorder in the DSM. For example. if a clinet reports that he/she experiences sadness for most of the day for more days than not in a 2 week period, experiences a loss of interest of pleasure in things he/she used to enjoy, has been sleeping way more than usual, has been eating way more than usual, has been weepy and has experienced a slowness of body movement, then a clinician can probably make a diagnosis of Depression (also called Major Depressive Disorder.) The DSM has different types of depression, and each has an ICD-10 code that is attached to it for insurance billing purposes.

There can also be a secondary diagnosis if the client is experiencing other sx (symptoms), but those sx are not the primary reason for treatment. Sometimes there can be a tertiary (3rd) diagnosis as well.

When there are 2 diagnoses, Psychologists use the term “Co-occurring disorders.” This means there are 2 primary diagnosis to be treated.

Another important term is “Differential Diagnosis.” This means that there could be other diagnoses that the clinician could make that are similar to the actual diagnosis because their sx overlap.

An example of this could be Depressive Disorder and Adjustment Disorder.

Some of the sx of Depressive disorder are sadness, loss of pleasure, sleep problems and eating problems. These same sx could also be prevalent in Adjustment Disorder. The different is that with Adjustment Disorder, the client must be “adjusting” to a stressor or major life event like a move away to college, a divorce, loss of a job, etc. With Depressive disorder, there does not have to be anything the client is recently adjusting to. These 2 disorders look similar as far as client behaviors and feelings; however, they are 2 different diagnoses.

Diagnosing can be difficult. People do not always exhibit textbook behaviors. As a result there can be misdiagnosing, and there can be changes in the diagnosis throughout treatment.

One common problem with diagnosing a client is that the client can feel that the diagnosis is a “label.” Sometimes a label can make a client feel more sick. For example, if a person is sad and he/she goes to a therapist, and the therapist diagnoses him/her with depression, the client can then go home and feel they have an excuse to be sad/sick. They could sleep more on purpose or not participate in activities just because a clinician told him/her “she had a diagnosis.” Of course, for treatment purposes; however, it is important to have a correct diagnosis. We need to clearly know the issues before we can effectively address them.

1. Do you think it is important to have a diagnosis?

2. Do you think it is a form of labeling? How? Why?

Please write a minimum of one paragraph per question.

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