Answer the main topic question (200 words) and reply two discussions (100-150 words)
This discussion will focus on Drucker’s concept of “Management as a Liberal Art” (MLA). To engage, you must first review the following readings, which are listed in the week’s reading assignments and repeated here for your convenience:
**Chapter 3, Contribution of Management as a Liberal Art, Druckerâ€™s Lost Art of Management
The material from this chapter will be covered in the Week 6 Lecture.
**Alan Kantrow, “Why Read Peter Drucker?â€ Harvard Business Review, Vol. 58, January-February, 1980, pp. 74-82. https://hbr.org/2009/11/why-read-peter-drucker
You can gain access to the last article by pasting the link into your browsers.
Now for this week’s topic:
What aspects of MLA described in Chapter 3, in the â€œIntroductionâ€ to Druckerâ€™s Lost Art of Management, does Kantrow ascribe to Peter Drucker? What internal inconsistencies (if any) do you find in Kantrowâ€™s article itself?
According to Maciariello and Linkletter (2011), they had a strong belief that it cannot be all about money and profit with respect to Drucker’s ideas. This does not entail that Drucker considered profit unimportant. Instead, he viewed profit as an approach that the society used to reward management for the good use of their resources and for the satisfaction of customer demand with a fair price. This holds true especially for long-term profit, which motivates the management to keep up with its high performance.
Overall, it appears that Kantrow’s arguments in which Drucker considered profit as worse than irrelevant quote it out of context. Kanstrow said that a company can make a social contribution only if it is highly profitable according to Drucker, which was not true. This suggested that Kanstrow was excessively interpreting Drucker’s position in a way that served Kanstrow’s argument. He stated that much of Drucker’s thought reflects a terrible urgency of moral purpose. How would the management be sustainable and successful without adequate business ethics? Kanstrow acknowledged the needs for ethics in terms of profitability, but he criticized Drucker for the same reason. Without sufficient proof that Drucker’s ideas are practically dispassionate and wrong, it is difficult to understand the arguments made by Kanstrow sound or reasonable.
In Western history, liberal arts education is a program of higher education offering subjects that are considered essential for people to take part in the governance of society and its organizations. Compared with majors related to specific professional or technical curriculum, such as law, computer science, and graphic design, liberal arts education provides general education of subjects such as literature, philosophy, and mathematics.
The main purpose of a liberal arts education is to teach us to be able to view our world and the problems in it from different perspectives. Itâ€™s becoming more and more important to have this ability, because jobs that require technical or specialized knowledge are being replaced by automation and artificial intelligence, and more work is left to management tasks like strategic planning and decision making. Thus, â€œour mentality has to move from understanding accounting, finance, and mechanical devices to understanding our fellow human beings, and beyond that, to understanding how our society works.â€
To be effective at management, itâ€™s essential to look at problems from diverse ways and come up with different solutions. Therefore, knowledge from liberal arts education will be contributing to management skills. Kantrow believes that people can get more inspired by Druckerâ€™s way of thinking than by his management theory. He ascribes the following aspects of â€œManagement as a Liberal Artâ€(MLA) to Perter Druckerâ€™s way of thinking. First, Druckerâ€™s ability of integrative thinking allows him to identify the key assumptions at issue, to establish their mutual relations, and to evaluate them. Second, Drucker can view a problem in its external historical (or cultural) context and its internal logic. Lastly, Druckerâ€™ holism helps him extrapolate a few ideal patterns from a great number of isolated facts and principles of business organizations. I just find this integrative thinking conflict with the holism. Druckerâ€™s integrative thinking aligns with MLAâ€™s goal of â€œview the world from various waysâ€, but his holism is about finding the only common part among individual facts.